Education: UBI’s Best Defense Former Vice President Joe Biden’s opposition to UBI
Many people would point to Thomas Paine as the originator of the
Overwhelmingly, the main purpose of this campaign is to educate the masses.
The overall purpose of the Basic Income Project is to educate, raise
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Many people would point to Thomas Paine as the originator of the concept of basic income. Some would attribute it to Sir Thomas More. Others would argue that basic income has never truly been implemented at all.
Let us not forget Ephialtes. Let us not forget the Native Americans whom Loretta Domencich wrote about:
“The dignity of the individual says that no matter what a person’s capabilities are, whether he is the leader or whether he is person who is crippled or elderly or can’t do anything, he still has a place in the tribe… Guaranteed Adequate Income is really an Indian concept. It is the way the Indians themselves ran their early communities.” Loretta Domencich, 1976, The Fourth World: the Imprisoned, the Poor, the Sick, the Elderly and the Under-aged in America, an anthology.)
And of course, we have Abu Bakr who successfully implemented a form of a universal basic income policy which lasted for almost a century.
The time was 573 CE, in the ancient city of Mecca, Abu Bakr was born into a wealthy family in the Banu Taym clan of the Quraysh tribe.
Abu Bakr is probably most familiar for his relationships to the Islamic prophet Mohammad. He was a senior companion and advisor to Mohammed. He was also his father-in-law, as the father of Aisha. Abu Bakr gained experience in governance by serving as the ruler to the Rashidun Caliphate for two years.
Following Mohammad’s death, Abu Bakr succeeded him, becoming the first Muslim caliph. He was known as Khalifa-tul-Rasul, which translates to “successor of messenger of Allah,” one of the noblest titles for the religion.
In his acceptance speech, Abu Bakr, with humility, stated:
I have been given the authority over you, and I am not the best of you. If I do well, help me; and if I do wrong, set me right. Sincere regard for truth is loyalty and disregard for truth is treachery. The weak amongst you shall be strong with me until I have secured his rights, if God wills; and the strong amongst you shall be weak with me until I have wrested from him the rights of others, if God wills. Obey me so long as I obey God and His Messenger. But if I disobey God and His Messenger, you owe me no obedience. Arise for your prayer, God have mercy upon you. (Al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah 6:305,306)
While he made many successful improvements during his reign as caliph, one of the most notable policies instituted was the creation of a guaranteed minimum standard of income which provided each man, woman, and child in the caliphate ten dirhams annually. Abu Bakr basically took Zakat a step further. This was later doubled to twenty dirhams, which was paid out of the treasury. The overarching purpose of this was to ensure that each individual was able to meet and sustain their basic needs.
Abu Bakr became sick in August of 634. He developed a high fever and was confined to bed. As his illness continued and his condition worsened, he eventually passed away. He reigned for 26 months as caliph, dying at the age of sixty-three. He was buried alongside Mohammad, likely due to the nature of their strong bond and trust of one another.
The policy that he instituted, called zakat, continued for almost a century. Under the reign of Umar bin Abdul Aziz, it was finally ended in 720 CE when several years past when no one in Medina could be found who needed zakat. For nearly a century, there was no poverty whatsoever in the city. Zakat, in its context from the Qur’an, translates to “alms,” or “that which purifies,” which is essentially defined as something such as money, food, or clothing given gratuitously to help the poor in the nature of charity. This is the first recorded instance in history where a basic income policy was implemented, and it proved to be incredibly successful.
1. Who is Who
3. UBI Handbook